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European Commission Representation in Cyprus
News article6 February 2024Representation in Cyprus6 min read

Commission sets out how to sustainably capture, store and use carbon to reach climate neutrality by 2050

The Commission has adopted today an Industrial Carbon Management Communication, which provides details on how technologies that can capture CO2 could contribute to reducing emissions by 90% by 2040 and reaching climate neutrality by 2050.

carbon emissions

The European Union is committed to reaching ‘net zero' CO2 emissions by 2050. While the major part of this effort will come from reducing current emissions levels in the coming years, we will also need technologies that can capture COor remove it directly from the atmosphere and then store or utilise it. These technologies will focus on sectors where emissions are particularly difficult or costly to reduce, such as the process emissions in cement or waste-to-energy for example. The Commission has therefore adopted today an Industrial Carbon Management Communication, which provides details on how these technologies could contribute to reducing emissions by 90% by 2040 and reaching climate neutrality by 2050.

In the Net-Zero Industry Act, the Commission has proposed that the EU develops at least 50 million tonnes per year of CO2 storage capacity by 2030.  Based on the impact assessment on the EU recommended climate target for 2040, this figure will need to grow to around 280 million tonnes by 2040. The Communication on Industrial Carbon Management sets out a comprehensive policy approach to deliver on these targets.

A European approach to industrial carbon management

Today's Communication identifies a set of actions to be taken at EU and national level to enable the deployment of these technologies and the necessary infrastructure to establish a single market for CO2 in Europe in the decades ahead. The Commission will start preparatory work on a possible future CO2 transport and storage regulatory package, which would consider issues such as market and cost structure, third-party access, COquality standards or investment incentives for new infrastructure. The Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) has published today a report on the future CO2 transport network for Europe and related investment needs.

The Commission will also assess the volumes of CO2 that need to be removed directly from the atmosphere (industrial carbon removals) to meet the EU's emissions reduction ambitions for 2040 and 2050 and assess overall objectives and policy measures to achieve them. This will include an assessment of how removals and permanent storage could be accounted for under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS).

To help scale up the market for capture and permanent storage of CO2 emissions, the Commission will establish guidance for project permitting processes and set up an atlas of potential storage sites. In cooperation with the Member States, the Commission will also develop an aggregation tool for matching CO2 suppliers with transport and storage operators and COoff-takers. The Commission aims to establish a clear carbon accounting framework for utilisation of captured CO2 as a resource, which would reflect the climate benefits of using CO2 as a resource in industrial processes. This will help boost the uptake of sustainable carbon in industrial sectors.

Establishing an enabling business environment for a CO2 value chain in the EU

To make industrial carbon management projects happen on the ground, the Commission is setting out today a series of horizontal actions which could create a more attractive environment for investments.

  • Investment and funding: The EU and Member States should further promote industrial carbon management projects under EU energy infrastructure programmes and could consider Important Projects of Common European Interest (IPCEIs). The Commission will assess whether certain CO2 capture projects can already be supported with market-based funding mechanisms such as competitive bidding auctions-as-a-service under the Innovation Fund.
  • Research, innovation and public awareness: The Commission will consider boosting funding for research and innovation on industrial carbon management projects through existing instruments, notably Horizon Europe and the Innovation Fund. The Commission will also support the establishment of a knowledge-sharing platform for carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS) projects. Working closely with the Member States, the Commission will raise public awareness on these technologies, including by highlighting their benefits and discussing potential rewards for local communities.
  • International cooperation: The Commission will accelerate work with international partners on industrial carbon management, notably on the harmonisation of reporting and accounting of carbon management activities and ensure that international carbon pricing frameworks take into account removals to address emissions in hard-to-abate sectors.


Industrial carbon management refers to a set of technologies aimed at capturing or removing COdirectly from the atmosphere, transporting, and permanently storing or using it. The Commission already provides a regulatory framework for the safe transport and storage of CO2 through Directive 2009/31/EC on the geological storage of carbon dioxide (CCS Directive). Carbon Capture and Use (CCU) is regulated by Directive (EU) 2018/2001 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, which promotes renewable fuels of non-biological origin, and among others, fuels produced from captured CO2.

In addition, the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) puts a price on CO2 emissions and, since 2013, has incentivised the capture of CO2 for permanent storage. It also helps fund industrial carbon management projects through the Innovation Fund, which already supports the capture of 10mt of CO2 per year from 2027 for permanent storage. In 2022, the Commission adopted a proposal for an EU-wide voluntary framework to certify carbon removals. This will boost in particular innovative industrial carbon removal technologies, such as bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BioCCS) or direct air carbon capture and storage (DACCS).

Today's strategy follows an open public consultation conducted in 2023 and builds on the efforts already undertaken under the CCUS Forum as well as by several Member States in this area. At present, 20 Member States have included industrial carbon management solutions in their draft National Energy and Climate Plans.

For More Information

Questions and Answers


Industrial Carbon Management Communication

Press release on the 2040 climate target

Communication on the 2040 climate target

Carbon capture, storage and utilisation

Carbon capture, use and storage



European industry is working hard to reduce its emissions, but there are certain sectors where processes are particularly hard to adapt, and changes are costly to implement. For this reason, we need to boost innovation in technologies to capture, transport and store carbon, to make them an effective climate solution. An acceleration of their deployment would help us meet our climate ambitions, while enhancing the competitiveness of our industry, especially in times of significant geopolitical shifts. In this context, we are also stepping up our engagement with key industrial sectors but also citizens, to ensure that the transition is done in a socially fair manner.

Maroš Šefčovič, Executive Vice-President for European Green Deal, Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight


Renewables and energy efficiency remain central on the road to climate neutrality, but to reach net zero emissions we will also need technologies to remove, capture, transport, store and use CO2. With the strategy we present today, we want to establish a European market for CO2. With the right support and coordination on projects and the right legal framework for CO2 infrastructure and standards, we can support the development of these technologies in the EU. Carbon management technologies will allow us not only to cut emissions, but also to make our industry cleaner and more competitive.

Kadri Simson, Commissioner for Energy


The Commission has recommended today that Europe should reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 90% by 2040. To achieve this, we need to scale up our efforts. This will be done mostly by reducing emissions, but the green transition will also require deployment of technologies to capture CO2 and remove it from the atmosphere. This is part of the European solution space, especially for heavy industry where emissions cannot be eliminated completely. Today, we propose a new and concrete roadmap to boost and finance this technology across Europe. This strategy will create a business environment for CO2 and help us on our journey towards net zero emissions by 2050.

Wopke Hoekstra, Commissioner for Climate Action


Publication date
6 February 2024
Representation in Cyprus