The budget will be complemented by an estimated €113 billion in payments for grants under NextGenerationEU, the EU's post-pandemic recovery instrument. Their combined firepower will keep driving Europe's ongoing economic recovery and create jobs, while strengthening Europe's strategic autonomy.
The EU faced exceptional challenges in the last years, including fast rising inflation, which put considerable pressure on the ability of the budget to further respond to new developments. Nevertheless, the draft budget for 2024 continues to provide key funding to the EU's political priorities as planned. Green and digital spending will continue to be prioritised to make Europe more resilient and fit for the future.
The draft budget 2024 directs funds to where they can make the greatest difference, in line with the most crucial recovery needs of the EU Member States and our partners around the world. The funding will help modernise and strengthen our Union, by fostering the green and digital transitions, creating jobs and strengthening Europe's role in the world.
The Commission will continue to stand by Ukraine for as long as it takes. Following Russia's war of aggression against the country, the EU budget has been fully mobilised to support Ukraine, and EU Member States welcoming refugees, however its availabilities have been exhausted. The Commission will assess future support to Ukraine in the context of the forthcoming review of its long-term budget 2021-2027.
To address the EU's various other priorities, the Commission proposes to allocate the following amounts to the various Commission priorities (in commitments):
- €53.8 billion for the Common Agricultural Policy and €1.1 billion for the European Maritime, Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund, for Europe's farmers and fishers, but also to strengthen the resilience of the agri-food and fisheries sectors and to provide the necessary scope for crisis management.
- €47.9 billion for regional development and cohesion to support economic, social and territorial cohesion, as well as infrastructure supporting the green transition and Union priority projects.
- €15.8 billion to support our partners and interests in the world, of which €11.4 billion under the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument — Global Europe (NDICI — Global Europe), €2.1 billion for the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA III), and €1.7 billion for Humanitarian Aid (HUMA).
- €13.6 billion for research and innovation, of which €12.8 billion for Horizon Europe, the Union's flagship research programme. The Draft Budget also includes the financing of the European Chips Act under Horizon Europe and through redeployment from other programmes.
- €4.6 billion for European strategic investments, of which €2.7 billion for the Connecting Europe Facility to improve cross-border infrastructure, €1.3 billion for the Digital Europe Programme to shape the Union's digital future, and €348 million for InvestEU for key priorities (research and innovation, twin green and digital transition, the health sector, and strategic technologies).
- €2.1 billion for spending dedicated to space, mainly for the European Space Programme, which will bring together the Union's action in this strategic field.
- €10.3 billion for people, social cohesion, and values, of which €3.96 billion for the rising borrowing costs for NGEU (to be kept under close review), €3.7 billion Erasmus+ to create education and mobility opportunities for people, €332 million to support artists and creators around Europe, and €215 million to promote justice, rights, and values.
- €2.4 billion for environment and climate action, of which €745 million for the LIFE programme to support climate change mitigation and adaptation, and €1.5 billion for the Just Transition Fund to make sure that the green transition works for all.
- €2.2 billion for protecting our borders, of which €1.1 billion for the Integrated Border Management Fund (IBMF), and €874 million (total EU contribution) for the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex).
- €1.7 billion for migration-related spending, of which €1.5 billion to support migrants and asylum-seekers in line with our values and priorities.
- €1.6 billion to address defence challenges, of which €638 million to support capability development and research under the European Defence Fund (EDF), €241 million to support Military Mobility, €260 million for the new short-term defence instrument (EDIRPA) and €343 million to support the production of ammunition.
- €947 million to ensure the functioning of the Single Market, including €602 million for the Single Market Programme, and €200 million for work on anti-fraud, taxation, and customs.
- €754 million for EU4Health to ensure a comprehensive health response to people's needs, as well as €230 million to the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (rescEU) to be able deploy operational assistance quickly in case of a crisis.
- €726 million for security, of which €315 million for the Internal Security Fund (ISF), which will combat terrorism, radicalisation, organised crime, and cybercrime.
- €213 million for secure satellite connections under the new Union Secure Connectivity Programme.
The draft budget for 2024 is part of the Union's long-term budget as adopted at the end of 2020, including subsequent technical adjustments, and seeks to turn its priorities into concrete annual deliverables. The budget remains on track to dedicate 30% of the long-term budget and the NextGenerationEU recovery instrument on combatting climate change.
The draft EU budget for 2024 includes the expenditure covered by the appropriations under the long-term budget ceilings, financed from own resources. These are topped up by expenditure under NextGenerationEU, financed from borrowing on the capital markets. For the “core” budget, two amounts for each programme are proposed in the draft budget – commitments and payments. "Commitments" refer to the funding that can be agreed in contracts in a given year; and "payments" to the money actually paid out. All amounts are in current prices.
With a budget of up to €807 billion in current prices, NextGenerationEU helps repair the immediate economic and social damage caused by the coronavirus pandemic and make the EU fit for the future. The instrument helps build a post-COVID-19 EU that is greener, more digital, more resilient and better prepared for the current and forthcoming challenges. The centrepiece of NextGenerationEU is the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) – an instrument for providing grants and loans to support reforms and investments in the EU Member States. The contracts/commitments under NextGenerationEU can be concluded until the end of 2023, the payments linked to the borrowing will follow until the end of 2026.
For More Information
The EU budget continues to provide Europe with the means to tackle current and future challenges. Yet, the EU budget, like national budgets, is facing constraints due to rising costs while the financing needs are not decreasing. The 2024 EU budget has been tailored to keep supporting the green and digital transition of the Union and remains one of the most powerful tools delivering added value to people’s lives.
Johannes Hahn, Commissioner for Budget and Administration - 07/06/2023
- Publication date
- 7 June 2023
- Representation in Cyprus