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European Commission Representation in Cyprus
News article18 January 2024Representation in Cyprus2 min read

Commission welcomes agreement on strong EU targets to reduce CO2 emissions from new trucks and urban buses

The European Commission welcomes today's agreement between the European Parliament and Council on a provisional political agreement strengthening CO2 emissions standards for new heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) entering the EU market from 2030.

Inaugural meeting of the Belgian Presidency of the Council of the European Union with the European Commission

The European Commission welcomes today's agreement between the European Parliament and Council on a provisional political agreement strengthening CO2 emissions standards for new heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) entering the EU market from 2030. The Regulation will set new ambitious CO2 emissions reduction targets for 2030, 2035 and 2040. The new standards will ensure that this segment of the road transport sector contributes to the shift to zero-emissions mobility and the EU's 2030 climate ambitions and climate neutrality by 2050.

Ambitious targets and a wider scope

Today's agreement sets CO2 emissions reduction targets for HDVs of 45% for 2030-2034, 65% for 2035-2039 and 90% as of 2040, compared to 2019 levels. The scope of the Regulation is expanded and these standards will now apply to almost all trucks (including vocational vehicles, such as garbage lorries, tippers or concrete mixers as of 2035), urban buses, long-distance buses and trailers.  Specific emissions reduction targets are also set for trailers (7.5%) and semi-trailers (10%), starting from 2030.

To accelerate the transition to zero-emission public transport across Europe, new urban buses must reduce emissions  by 90% as of 2030. All new urban buses will have to be zero-emissions by 2035.

Under the provisional deal, the Commission will review the effectiveness and impact of the regulation by 2027. This review will cover the expansion of the scope to small lorries, a methodology for registering HDVs exclusively running on CO2 neutral fuels, in conformity with EU law and climate neutrality objectives, the role of a carbon correction factor in the transition towards zero-emission HDVs and a methodology for the determination of full lifecycle CO2 emissions of new heavy-duty vehicles.

Today's agreement sends another clear signal to manufacturers, transport operators and users to steer investments towards innovative zero-emission technologies and boost the rollout of recharging and refuelling infrastructure. 

Next steps

The European Parliament and Council now need to formally approve the agreement. Once this process is completed, the new legislation will be published in the Official Journal of the Union and enter into force.

Background

The Commission proposed the draft regulation in February 2023 to set CO2 standards for heavy-duty vehicles from 2030 onwards to help reach the EU's objective for climate neutrality by 2050 and lower the demand for imported fossil fuels. Heavy-duty vehicles are responsible for more than 25% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from road transport in the EU and account for over 6% of the total EU GHG emissions.

For More Information

Commission's proposal

CO₂ emissions from heavy-duty vehicles webpage 

European Green Deal

Quote(s)

 

Emissions from road transport have been rising and we need to turn the tide. The agreement reached today will make trucks and buses less polluting, drive down emissions and improve air quality across the EU. When we put more zero-emission vehicles on our roads, it benefits all of us. By producing more zero-emission vehicles, European industry will be in a stronger position to compete, and it now has long-term certainty about the applicable rules. Citizens will have cleaner air to breathe, especially in our cities.

Wopke Hoekstra, Commissioner for Climate Action

Details

Publication date
18 January 2024 (Last updated on: 18 January 2024)
Author
Representation in Cyprus